Throughout history, people have devised shelters based on weather, geography, and available resources. We will design and build models of simple shelters.
We were introduced to the topic by viewing a video to see how engineers design shelters for the troops.
Ask: How can we build a simple shelter that will withstand rain (water-can) and wind (fan) using the following materials;
paper bags, 2 sheets of felt, craft sticks, BBQ skewers, roll of string, 3 pieces of tape,mud and leaves.
Imagine: We discussed different types of shelters that are found around the world. In groups we observed one kind of shelter and decided what materials were used and why it would be a good shelter. Check out these shelters from around the world. Students pondered questions such as;
What types of material would be good to use for walls? roof? floor?
What shape would be most sturdy?
What materials would be waterproof?
How can we keep the shelter safe from strong wind?
Plan: Students broke into their groups and created sketches of their shelters, making sure to label all the materials they would need to include.
Create: We worked diligently to create simple shelters that would stand on there own as well as withstand rain and wind. Some shelters looked just like our sketches, others were totally different. Some groups worked smarter than others by devising a plan and having each person do a different part. Others wasted time when they didn't follow their plan and work together.
Test: We tested our shelters based on the criteria decided upon earlier. It was fun! We only had one successful shelter, out of our 3 plans.